Thursday, 23 June 2016

That night YAKKUM’ team meet Sukiyem, 55 years age women, who suffered from polio in both legs since birth. She lived in the village of the District Purbowono Kaligesing with her father, over 90 years old who was decreased hearing and vision due to old age. Sukiyem mobility is limited by relying on the strength of her hand to move from the bed and a kitchen. Every now and then his brother, who also has had grandchildren and live in the same village, came to visit them. Day-to-day livelihood activities Sukiyem is very limited. She had planned the business of making virgin coconut oil (VCO) with the Center for Rehabilitation YAKKUM, but this time the effort was not started yet due to constraints in raw material prices (oil), which tends to rise. A few years ago Sukiyem’s house, which is made from wood and clay tile roofs, hits by rock (the size as same as a house) during a landslide. Sukiyem do not remember exactly what year the incident was happened. Her family only heard a rumbling sound and they do not understand the signs of impending landslides that did not shy away. Fortunately, they survived, only houses damaged at that time. Sukiyem parents' house is located under a high cliff, as in general Kaligesing residential area situated on a plateau in the mountains Menoreh passing along the Province of Central Java and Yogyakarta. The telephone signal arising sink (more often blank spot) made communication difficult in the area. Sukiyem and her sister does not have a handheld telephone, there are no radio or other communication devices in their ordinary home. When a heavy rain flushed the entire region around the southern part of Java Island on 17-19 June 2016, Kaligesing region suffered severe landslides at some point, especially in the village of Jelok. As on Monday, June 20 2016 reported that 47 people were killed and 15 people were missing due to landslides in Central Java [1].

According to YAKKUM Rehabilitation Center there are more than 150 persons with disabilities who live in the area Kaligesing, 57 of whom had disabilities psychosocial or mental, four children have disabilities double (disabled and mental retardation), 124 adults and 14 children were bearing the disabled. A rapid assessment conducted by YAKKUM Emergency Unit, it is known that most of the rural areas in Purworejo inhabited by the elderly. Data from Central Bureau of Statistics in 2014 showed that in 2020 the ratio of the elderly population will reach 10% of the total population. In the province of Central Java, elderly population ratio reached 13.9%, much higher than the national average. While visiting Sukiyem home that night, we met the statistical figures within that family. Data of the National Agency for Disaster Management[2] said that nationally 40.9 million people were directly exposed to avalanche danger - high, 3.2 million of whom are elderly and 323 000 are persons with disabilities. They are exposed to landslides during the rainy season because it is difficult to evacuate the settlements in the conditions of difficult terrain, limited communication and transportation, evacuation paths are slippery or steep. In addition, they do not earn information about the early warning signs of impending landslides and the necessary steps. "If anything happens an I am death, I will accept with resignation" Jumantri (40 years old) with disabilities other Kaligesing whose home is located on a steep cliff gentle whisper. Limited infrastructure, information and knowledge lead to the minimal ability to protect themselves from disasters, especially landslides. In fact, landslides, floods and tornados as a phenomenon of nature due to the threat of hydrological activity occupied the highest ranking in the intensity of the disaster in Indonesia (95%).

The problem complications that occur prior to the disaster is the ability of low economic (read: poor) and the lack of knowledge and awareness of their rights and conditions of disability, the elderly and other vulnerable groups that make them marginalized from the mainstream of development effort that puts the basic rights to achieve the vision "should not be abandoned"[3] in the humanitarian response and development programs launched by more than 9000 people from 173 countries in the World humanitarian Summit last may in Istanbul.

Sukiyem and her father represent the face of the challenges of disaster in Central Java in Indonesia in general. Preparedness and disaster risk reduction are sensitive to the needs of vulnerable groups, and inclusive is a necessity that needs to be realized in policy and action (Ars / June 20, 2016).